Gaudí & trencadís
The Sitges Museums present the Gaudí & trencadís exhibition, which will be open to the public from November 6, 2021 to March 27, 2022, on the ground floor of the Maricel Museum. The exhibition, curated by Mireia Freixa and Marta Saliné i Perich, has been sponsored by the World Monuments Fund and organized by the Gonzàlez Martí National Museum of Ceramics in Valencia. It is complemented by a book-catalog Gaudí and the Modernist mosaic, published by Triangle Books.
The trencadís is one of the images that best identifies the architecture of Antoni Gaudí and other modernist architects such as Josep Ma. Jujol or Lluís Domènech i Montaner. This exhibition takes us into perceiving how the use of the trencadís in Gaudí evolves and to discover the process of deconstructing a technique that is replacing the regular cutting of the traditional tile with the random fragment.
There are two routes in the exhibition. The first on deals with the connections with ancient mosaics, a collection of the types of mosaics used in modernism to end with the description of other industrial techniques also called mosaics but which are not in the strict sense, the hydraulic paving, ceramic stoneware and cobblestone. In a second space, the evolution of the trencadís in Gaudí’s works is discussed, showing how the different materials or ingenious skills are applied in recycled objects – with the collaboration of Jujol and Domènec Sugrañes. There is a route from the pavilions of the Torre Güell in Les Corts, where the trencadís is used for the first time, to the bell towers of the Sagrada Família. The reproductions on display, made with original materials and following the processes of the time, make us grasp the complexity of these mosaics, which are too often technically underestimated.